Male - Rafael Mora Ramírez (Jan 29 1893) of Costa Rica
Feb 05 2010http://www.thesjopost.com/news/index.php?o...emid=88&lang=en
Two and a half million ticos will elect President of the Republic
Ottón Solís is the presidential candidate of Partido Acción Ciudadana
According to the official data from the Electoral Supreme Tribunal (TSE, in Spanish), 2.550,613 is the number of registered voters in the electoral listings for the presidential elections this Sunday, February 7.
These are the real protagonists of the presidential elections, the citizens, from the oldest to the youngest, who are going to vote for the first time.
The records of the TSE show that the oldest voter is Rafael Mora Ramírez, a neighbor from Alajuela province, who was born in 1983 and is 117 years old.
There are some who´ll use their cédula( ID card) for the first time and celebrate their birthday the same date, casting their vote. Five youngsters will obtain their cédula the same day of the elections and thus will be able to vote for the first time.
The 6.617 boards receiving votes will be open from 6 am to 6 pm. Two hours later the TSE will start providing the first official results.
Voter oldest is 117 years and lives in Rio Segundo de Alajuela
Written by Aaron Sequeira
• Other than the century 293
About 83 new voters who turn 18 himself Sunday, February 7, will meet if requested ballot before election call
Rafael Mora Ramirez, 117 years, would be the most experienced voters in elections.
According to data from the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), the oldest registered voter in the electoral roll has 117 years and six days, and live in Alajuela, specifically in Rio Segundo.
This is Rafael Mora Ramirez, who was born in San Isidro de San Ramón a January 29, 1893, exactly a century ago and 17 years and be enabled on your health to cast a vote, I would do in the polling station 2504.
With the election on Sunday February 7, Rafael Mora could be building 24 elections (from 1914 to 2010) in which it participated, taking into account that at times the legal age to cast the vote were 21. Almost the same age as the free press, accumulating 120 years in the proclamation.
But this is not the only voter who is over a century old, and would issue their vote this Sunday, they are nearly 300 voters who have ten decades and even more. Mora between 110 and there are only three more voters, one with 110, 112 and another with a woman who comes to 113 years.
The latter is Rosalina Vargas Solano, Curridabat neighbor who votes on the board 1888, while the spring 112-man is Jose Apolinar Rodriguez Monge, also a resident of Alajuela, but in San Mateo.
Valverde Cristina Valverde, who lives in Santa Ana Piedades is who builds the 11 decades to his credit, he has to exercise the vote in the 1276 table.
With more than 100
With over 100 years but until the 109 is a significant amount of voters, they are 449 in total, of which 280 are women and the rest (169) men. In fact, the age group most people have is 100 years, which has 160 in total, 62 men and 98 women.
Those who have just one year, 101 are precisely 99, 64 women and 35 men, which demonstrates a tendency for older age groups are dominated by females, whereas those are 60 102 years.
Of these, also the majority (34) are women, while men are 26. With increasing age reduces the number of voters centenarians, as with 103, 54, 35 women and 19 men.
Those 104 are 28, with numbers evenly between genders, in the meantime, reaching a century and five years, are 27, of which only seven individuals are male. Nine people have as standard 106 years, seven women and two men, while four women and one man kept in his back 107 years. Finally, it closed 108 days a year with only three, in this case winning the men, while four Costa Ricans have 109 years, three of them women.
Thousands of new voters
Moreover, the number of new voters it is considerable, but it is particular that 83 young people who turn 18 exactly the same Sunday February 7, meaning that they are younger voters.
They have the opportunity to vote, as did the request for his identity card before the elections (October 7, 2008), for they were registered despite the official closure took place in mid November.
Lot of politics in the memory
Voter Age Canton
Rafael Mora Ramírez 117 Alajuela
Rosalina Vargas Solano 113 Curridabat
José Apolinar Rodríguez Monge 112 San Mateo, Alajuela
Cristina Valverde Valverde 110 Santa Ana
José Delgado Corrales 109 Santa Ana
Marta Solórzano Calvo 109 Montes de Oca
Bertalia Vargas Vargas 109 San Carlos
María Teresa Rodríguez Aqueche 109 San Ramón
Vicenta Fernández García 108 Cañas
Miguel Ángel Rojas Mena 108 Goicoechea
Oct 01 2006http://wvw.nacion.com/proa/2006/octubre/01...ajes839681.html
Costa Rica ages
Increasing. By 2050 it is estimated that the country will have 2.5 million people 60 years or more. Is the country prepared for this transformation in the population pyramid? Today, the World Citizens Day Golden Bow , discusses this phenomenon.
Ivannia Varela Q. firstname.lastname@example.org
While some snuff chewing and watch the dogs play in the yard of his home in Alajuela Homeless, Rafael Ramírez Mora still out of amazement. The woman who cares for you just remember your old ear:
'Grandpa, do you know how old she is?
- No, I do not remember.
- How many?
A hundred and 13 years ...
- Hij .. What cachimbal, saith the old man an incredulous smile, while the hat fits.
Like him, 365 people in Costa Rica now have more than a century of life, a milestone was recorded in the last electoral roll of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE). It is certainly a sign that the country is aging.
As you read it. Some years ago, who came to fulfill the hundred were regarded as privileged. Today, it is increasingly common for this to happen, because the population pyramid is changing Ticos quickly, as evidenced by demographic analysis.
Garrett Britton / The nation
In 1950, this pyramid was a completely triangular (wide at the base and very sharp at the top), because the population under 15 years accounted for 42.9 percent, while people over 60 accounted for just 2.9 percent.
By 2000, during the last national census, Costa Rica had already outgrown this profile of the young nation, because for every hundred people were six older adults (5.6 percent) and in this moment, the figure is around 8 percent.
This is only the prelude to what will happen in the future. Demographers' projections indicate that by 2025 there will be a million people over 60 years, and by 2050, these represent a quarter of the population, ie 2, 5 million, without taking into account this the growing wave of migration. Then, the shape of the population pyramid will be flatter, more rectangular. ( See infographics: "How have we changed" ).
What are the reasons for this dramatic change? According to Luis Rosero Bixby, American Population Center (CPC) in Costa Rica have combined two fundamental factors. The first has to do with the Tico life expectancy, which has increased with the passing of the years. Today, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), men live on average 76, 8 years and women 81.3, almost 22 years in 1950, when people died very young.
It is presumed that the scientific and medical advances (stem cells and their applications, nanotechnology, genetic engineering and cloning), Costa Ricans are increasingly living longer and thicken considerably the number of centenarians in all provinces . The same applies in almost all countries. United Nations estimates indicate that by 2050 one in five individuals will have 60 or more years old.
The second factor that has affected this demographic shift, at least in Costa Rica is a relatively low birth rate and decreasing. Formerly, it was common for women to have at least five children, while today the average is two children per woman.
Education, information, availability of contraceptives, female sector raid on the country's workforce and the decision of couples to marry at older ages, means that this trend will accelerate, he said Rosero.
Big challenges. Last Sunday, while celebrating with family and friends for their 80th birthday, Mrs. Nidia Murillo Rojas, exuded enthusiasm for each of your pores. At 75, he had said, 'I'll take care of myself enough to be an octogenarian. " Now that achieved its goal, it vowed to press ahead to reach 90.
Sure, she wants to reach that age in good condition, because, he says: "Not only is live many years, but live them as best as possible."
Nidia Murillo (foreground) recently turned 80. AVA her friends celebrated.
Mario Rojas / The nation
And this is precisely the greatest challenge facing the country before the undeniable aging of its population, says geriatrician and professor at the University of Costa Rica, Fernando Morales Martínez, director of the National Hospital of Geriatrics and Gerontology Doctor Raul Blanco Cervantes.
In his view, the Ticos have to understand that with the increase in the number of elderly people, also increased needs and generate new paradigms in all fields: political, economic, social, and health. The list of all the challenges could be extensive. However, some are transcendental. Among them, the estimates should take Costa Rica on pensions, as it is proven that the current arrangements are not sustainable in the long term, a topic widely discussed in recent years.
The same could happen with the provision of medical services for the growing number of older adults. "With more elderly people, it is logical to see more cases of some common diseases in this age of life," said Morales.
He refers to conditions such as dementia, Alzheimer's, cancer, osteoporosis, cardiovascular problems, diabetes and a host of ills, some years ago, did not cause much inconvenience because people died from other causes.
To address this reality, the country will also require more specialists in nursing and geriatrics. Currently, Costa Rica has 40 homes (a great achievement throughout Latin America), but the real need is 275 professionals to cover the whole country, he said.
And better care in EBAIS, clinics and hospitals, must be accompanied by preventive policies, with the idea that people reach old age in the best possible condition.
This is where comes in the promotion of healthy lifestyles of those much talked about: proper diet, exercise, recreation, culture, spirituality and neglect as smoking habits and intake of alcohol or drugs, specified Zaida Esquivel AGECO executive director.
Another direction. According to data from Raul Blanco Cervantes Hospital, last year in Costa Rica there were 119 nursing homes, 122 houses, 76 day care centers and 99 community clubs.
While it is possible that the number of such institutions to increase in coming years, Morales says it is urgent to change the mindset that seniors can only be seen in these places.
"The idea instead is that our seniors do not end their days abandoned at a shelter or a hospital, as now, but stay home, next to their loved ones," he said.
But for this to happen, you have to trigger a deep cultural change that starts by letting people see the elderly as a burden, said Esquivel.
Ideally, older adults can live fully the aging process without being subjected to discrimination, abuse, neglect, disrespect or disregard their rights.
The statistics show the drama. From 1997 to 2005, have served in the White Cervantes 442 cases of physical abuse against the elderly, 1,130 cases of psychological abuse and 452 cases of property violence.
To generate a change in attitude towards the elderly, the country has taken some steps. Among them, a citizen of Gold program (started in 1997) and the approval of the comprehensive law for Older Persons (number 7935), which establishes the rights to this population in health, education, housing, security social, recreation and work.
As a result of this legislation in 1999 also created the National Council of Older Persons (CONAPAM), under the Presidency of the Republic.
According to its president, Barrantes Lidieth Murillo, the entity functions as the lead agency on aging and, therefore, is responsible for the formulation of comprehensive public policies that ensure equal opportunities and decent life for this age group.
Several actions have already been implemented that CONAPAM in conjunction with other age-related entities, such as some public institutions, local governments and NGOs. However, Barrantes said there is still much to do before 2050-when the population pyramid is completely different, take us by surprise.
The elderly of 2050 and its requirements
Don Rafa reminds his age and he is surprised.
Garrett Britton / The nation
If you currently have 20, 30 or 40 years old, do more calculations. It's a fact: you will be part of the 2.5 million seniors who-will-estimated in the country in 2050. Therefore, the president of CONAPAM, Lidieth Barrantes, argues that the phenomenon of aging has to be seen as something lejano.Según her older adults then have characteristics very different from today. Will be more demanding, educated, informed, and technological assets, which implies an enormous challenge for policymakers públicas.En developed nations such as the United States, and this change is seen in profile in the elderly population. Because of this demographic shift, advertisers speak with great propriety of senior marketing and ultra senior marketing, it is common in the houses they live several elderly: the grandfather of 90, their daughters 70.En various states, have created a series of public and private services previously unavailable, such as insurance, pension plans, credit systems, gyms and specialty restaurants, clubs, workshops and courses, sales of ergonomic items (eg chairs rest and household appliances simple), home carers, and television stations, magazines and beauty products aimed specifically at seniors. Some pharmaceutical companies have already launched for medicine packaging easier to open, and some supermarket chains have created smaller packaged for the elderly living alone. Car brands such as Renault, Opel Corsa and others are also following suit by offering more comfortable vehicles to this segment of the population. Housing projects for older adults, are another constant.
The 113 years of Don Rafa
The oldest person who has now Costa Rica
The schedule will not let him lie: He was born January 29, 1893, 113 years ago. Don Rafael Rodríguez Mora, a resident of Homeless Alajuela, Costa Rica is the oldest and although his mind is lucid, his physical health is very buena.No have high blood pressure, diabetes, or anything like that. The pills should be taken are few (aspirinitas children and others to keep your heart strong), and his family works hard to buy a dietary supplement. So far, nobody has to know exactly what has been their secret to living so many years. However, his relatives have hypothesized that Don Rafael had a very healthy food and always was very active in the campo.Nació work in San Ramon, but most of his life, he worked as a farmer on farms in Guanacaste. Maybe he learned to play the flute, his hobby preferido.A this point it is difficult to strike up a conversation with him but with patience, his word flow. He remembers that his father was Vicente Mora, his mother, Flores Ramirez and his wife, Hermelinda. And he knows that he had five children, although his nephew forgot his nombres.Fue Efrain Rodriguez, who decided to take Don Rafa , not only because he had raised, but also the great affection and admiration he professes "to grandfather. " Jenny Mora, wife of Ephraim, is the caregiver, blend the vegetables for lunch and make tortilla soup every night. "Just ask God to give him for years," says excited.
Jan 15 2006http://wvw.nacion.com/ln_ee/2006/enero/15/pais1.html
Alajuelense meet in two weeks 113 years
Older voters has 112 years and still undecided
Change of Command 2006
Rafael Mora was born on January 29, 1893, still likes to dance and sing
316 people aged 100 years are entered in electoral roll
José Enrique Rojas
Mora Rafael Ramirez has almost 113 years, making it the oldest registered voter in the electoral roll comprising 2,550,613 people.
Although he is expected to vote on Sunday February 5, has not yet decided which candidate to support.
'I have a blast' (of children)
Photos / Infos:
The more voters
The document certifies that was born on January 29, 1893, in San Isidro de San Ramón, Alajuela.
Despite his age, is still fond of playing harmonica and loves to be invited to parties.
He is part of the group of 316 voters over 100 years are entered in the register.
Carlos Murillo, head of section of the register of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), said there could be people with more than 112 years, but not enrolled.
A Don Rafael loves being in the sun. Here with his grandson Esteban Rodriguez.
Marianela Víquez for LN
Good humor. The joy and optimism are the key features of "grandfather", as the family called Rafael Mora.
Despite his age, enjoys good health, free from any disease and only has trouble hearing. Thus, almost no talk.
However, only moves through your home and according to his family, never gets angry.
Most of the day is spent in the yard chewing snuff, a habit of his life before combining with a cigar and a shot of liquor.
Homeless living in Alajuela for a month, after living in downtown Alajuela the past 24 years.
There, he lives with his nephew Efrain Rodriguez and his wife, Jenny Mora, who care for him despite not owning your own home, for 13 years trying to be beneficiaries of a housing voucher.
A Don Rafael loves to sleep, woke up at eight o'clock in the morning and likes breakfast tortillas with sour cream, was Jenny Mora, who spends most of the time.
Mr. receive a monthly pension of ¢ 16,000 and just about enough to buy a jar of a specialty food and snuff.
Active. Don Rafael fathered six children-two boys and four girls, including five living-with his wife Hermelinda Arias Esquivel, who died nine years ago, at 96. That caused him depression, with the help of your family has been overcome.
Her youngest daughter, Nelly Mora, 58, recalled that his mother always told him that his father was partying, a little naughty and dancer.
Jose Rafael Mora Arias, another nephew of Don Rafael, said his uncle has always been dedicated to agriculture and most of his life was spent in Hojancha, Guanacaste.
"It was very noviero, played accordion and always liked to attend dances," he added. He recalled that in the 1930's was caught by the police to produce liquor in a bag, in Esparza, Puntarenas, and was arrested. In the Central Penitentiary worked as a cook.
Impolitic. His family recalls that Don Rafael was release, but did not usually participate much in politics.
As to the 100 years he worked as a guard at the store Rafael Angel Umaña, in Alajuela.
According to his daughter, Nelly Mora, thanks to Rafael Angel Umaña him to support the Social Christian Unity, which has voted in recent elections.
Don Rafael does not know the presidential candidates and their promises, His happiness now are his snuff and his harmonica music.